All matter is made of particles.
-Why is matter known as the material of the universe?
-How are matter and energy related?
Bill Nye the Science Guy - Matter
Wind, water, and ice change the shape of the land.
-How is the shape of the land changed by environment factors?
-What are landforms?
-What landforms do you have in your local area? mountains, hills, plateaus, valleys, riverbeds, deltas, glaciers, etc.
Quizlet - vocabulary landforms
Living things are diverse, can be grouped, and interact in their ecosystems.
-What is biodiversity?
-Why is biodiversity important in an ecosystem?
-Characteristics of local plants, animals and fungi.
-Interconnectedness means that all things are related to and interact with each other in the environment. How does local First Peoples knowledge of living things demonstrate interconnectedness?
Bill Nye the Science Guy - Biodiversity
Bill Nye the Science Guy - Food Webs
-population: all the members of the same type of living thing (species) in an area.
-communities: different populations in an area living together.
Energy is needed for life.
-producers (plants), consumers (animals), and decomposers (bacteria and fungi) respond to their environment in energy pyramids (flow of energy in the community from the sun).
-food chains: the flow of energy from one organism to another (e.g., grass to rabbit to lynx)
-food webs: interconnected food chains (e.g., a rabbit may be eaten by a lynx or a wolf)
-the energy that comes from the movement of particles within matter.
-What can be a source of thermal energy? thermal energy can be produced by chemical reactions (e.g., hand warmers), friction between moving objects, the sun, etc.
-How is thermal energy transferred between objects?
Conduction (touching - e.g., hold an ice cube)
Convection (current - why do we hang mittens over a heat source?)
Radiation (through space by a wave - e.g., heat from the sun)
NEW LINKS FOR RESEARCH:
Biomes animal and plant adaptations
More animal and plant adaptations
World Biomes for Kids
Matter has mass, takes up space, and can change phase.
-How can you explore the phases of matter?
-How does matter change phase?
-How does heating and cooling affect phase change?
Properties of matter
1) Solids & Liquids
2) Changing State
3) Gases around us
Reversible Changes Experiment:
1) Dissolving Liquids
Irreversible Changes Experiment:
The signs of an irreversible change include a change in colour, bubbles, heat, a bright light, flames or an explosion. Some everyday examples include wood that has burnt and nails that have rusted.
All living things sense and respond to their environment.
-How do living things sense, respond, and adapt to stimuli in their environment?
-How is sensing and responding related to interdependence within ecosystems?
Energy can be transformed.
-What is energy input and energy output?
-What is energy conservation?
-What is the relationship between energy input, output, and conservation?
-Describe the various forms of energy: the energy of motion (kinetic), light, sound, thermal, elastic, nuclear. chemical, magnetic, gravitational, and electrical.
-The Law of Conservation of energy: energy cannot be created or destroyed but can be changed.
-Devices that transform energy: devices that transform energy change input energy into a different output energy (e.g., glow stick [chemical to light], wind-up today [elastic to mechanical], flashlight [electrical to light]
The motions of Earth and the moon cause observable patterns that affect living and non-living systems.
-earth's axis, rotation, and orbit cause changes locally.
-day and night: animals are nocturnal (active at night) and diurnal (active during day)
-annual seasons: plants (respond to light, touch, water, gravity, etc.) and animals (humans - the five senses) (other animals - echolocation, UV sensors, magnetoreception, infrared sensing etc.)
-How do seasons and tides affect living and non-living things?
-What changes are caused by the movements of Earth and the moon? phases of the moon, tides, lunar and solar eclipses etc.
-Local First Peoples perspectives: teachings and stories about the sun and the moon.
Why is matter known as the material of the universe?
-How are matter and energy related? What is "matter"? Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space. Then it is everything? Not really. There are other things like energy or forces that do not take space or have mass, and therefore are not matter.